For critical applications, every joint is tested with nondestructive methods. Because of the skills required, welded pipe joints are usually restricted to high-performance applications such as shipbuilding, and in chemical and nuclear reactors. Although they are usually used to attach pipe and fittings to mechanical supports in buildings, they do not connect the pipes to each other.

Lightly lubricate the thread and cone of the assembly stud and the thread of the union nut. However, the O-ring must be removed before welding, and any stray welding material must be removed from the O-ring groove and the fitting hole. Plug is a component of plumbing component which is generally used to close pipe opening during inspections and repairs. In use, the spigot of one segment was placed into the socket of the preceding one and a ring of oakum was forced down into the joint with a caulking iron. Ideally, this would be done by pouring in molten lead, allowing it to set, and hammering it tightly with a caulking tool. If this was not possible due to position or some other constraint, the joint could alternatively be filled with lead wool or rope, which was forcibly compacted one layer at a time.

black pipe fitting

The lighter rubber fittings may not muffle sound as well as the heavy cast-iron fittings. In addition, some conservative plumbing codes still require leaded hub joints for final connections where the sewer main leaves a building. Although low-priced wyes are often spot-welded, industrial-strength wyes are flash-welded at each seam. In long-distance pipeline applications, a specialized wye is used for allow insertion of pigging to keep pipes clear and maintain flow.

In Concentric reducer which is also known as a conical reducer, the center of both the ends is on the same axis. When the center lines of the larger pipe and smaller pipe are to be maintained the same, then concentric reducers are used.

Both McAlpine and Aquaflow pipes can be moulded with heat. Join waste pipes simply and effectively in bathrooms, kitchens, utility rooms and en-suites by using the solvent weld method. Our range of solvent weld pipe and solvent weld fittings are popular with tradesmen and plumbers. We stock a huge selection of solvent weld pipe fittings in a variety of sizes from 30mm to 50mm. Securely attach waste pipe to floors, ceilings or walls using a compatible pipe clip or alternatively, direct the waste pipe around bends or corners with a pipe bend at 90, 92.5 or 135 degrees.

Although reducers are usually concentric, eccentric reducers are used as needed to maintain the top- or bottom-of-pipe level. Gaskets are mechanical seals, usually ring-shaped, which seal flange joints. Commonly used gaskets are non-metallic (ASME B 16.21), spiral-wound (ASME B 16.20) and ring-joint (ASME B 16.20). Non-metallic gaskets are used with flat- or raised-face flanges. Spiral-wound gaskets are used with raised-face flanges, and ring-joint gaskets are used with ring-type joint flanges. Stress develops between an RTJ gasket and the flange groove when the gasket is bolted to a flange, leading to plastic deformation of the gasket.

Here is a brief overview of pipe fittings, their purpose, and the materials offered. In this type of flange, the stub is butt welded to the pipe, whereas flange is freely moved over the stub end. It is basically flange part but covered under ASME B16.9 that is why it is considered as pipe fittings. You can see the chart above that lists most widely used standard pipe fittings.

A tee is steadier than a cross; it behaves like a three-legged stool, and a cross behaves like a four-legged stool. A fitting or adapter is used in pipe systems to connect straight sections of pipe or tube, adapt to different sizes or shapes, and for other purposes such as regulating fluid flow. These fittings are used in plumbing to manipulate the conveyance of water, gas, or liquid waste in domestic or commercial environments, within a system of pipes or tubes. Pipe fittings are essential for all plumbing applications.

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